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Land Restoration and Wild Bird Conservation

World Environment Day 2024 carries the theme "Land Restoration, Desertification and Drought Resilience," which is highly relevant to the Asia-Pacific region, including Indonesia. The theme highlights the urgent need to address increasing land degradation due to human activities and climate change.

Asia-Pacific is one of the most vulnerable regions to climate change, with many countries experiencing land degradation, drought and desertification. Degraded land threatens not only the sustainability of ecosystems but also the livelihoods of millions of people who depend on agriculture and natural resources.

Indonesia, as a highly biodiverse country, faces major challenges in terms of land degradation and deforestation. The clearing of forests for agriculture, plantations and development has resulted in increased risk of drought and flooding, as well as loss of natural habitats for biodiversity, including wild birds.

Wild bird conservation is an integral part of ecosystem restoration efforts in Indonesia. Wild birds play an important role in maintaining ecosystem balance, such as crop pollination, seed dispersal, and pest control. However, many wild bird species in Indonesia are threatened by habitat loss and poaching.

Various initiatives have been carried out by various parties, ranging from the government to local communities. The general public can contribute to wild bird conservation and land restoration through several concrete actions. People can join local reforestation programs that focus on planting trees on critical lands. These programs help restore damaged ecosystems, increase drought resilience, and provide habitat for wild birds. For example, planting trees around deforested areas can recreate natural habitats for forest-dependent birds.

Using water efficiently can also reduce pressure on water resources and keep natural habitats moist, which is important for certain bird species. In addition, adopting sustainable agricultural practices such as agroforestry can reduce the risk of erosion, and increase land resilience to climate change. Agroforestry, which combines agriculture with tree planting, can create green corridors that provide homes and food sources for wild birds.

The theme of World Environment Day 2024 is particularly relevant for Indonesia, which faces significant challenges in terms of land degradation and climate change. Restoring land, resilience to drought, and controlling desertification are important steps to protect biodiversity and human well-being. In Indonesia, wild bird conservation is an important part of these efforts, given their role in the ecosystem and the threats they face.