In 2019, the number of bird species increased to 1.777, including both residents and migrants, which annually visit Indonesia. Compared to the year 2018—which was 1.771 species—six species have been added to the list. The addition was possible due to the taxonomical split and new bird records in Indonesia.
The six newly recorded species are Eurasian Oystercatcher (Haematopus ostralegus), Bare-headed Laughingthrush (Garrulax calvus), Zappey’s Flycatcher (Cyanoptila cumatilis), Sulawesi Brown Flycatcher (Muscicapa sodhii), Rote Leaf-warbler (Phylloscopus rotiensis) dan Spoon-billed Sandpiper (Calidris pygmaea). Some of them are also newly recorded migrant species.
Based on the results of the Burung Indonesia’s study which was conducted until the end of 2018, out of 1.777 species, 168 (previously 163) species are declared under threat extinction. From 168 species, 30 are declared Critical by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), which previously was declared as Extinct. In addition, 44 species are declared as Critically Endangered and 94 species are Vulnerable.
Biodiversity Conservation Specialist of Burung Indonesia, Ferry Hasudungan, was confirmed about the status on Monday, 18 February 2018 in Bogor. He informed that out of thousands of species recorded in Indonesia, 557 species have been protected by regulation of the Ministry of Environmental and Forestry Number P.106/2018.
““But unfortunately, out of 14 species with increasing threat risk on 2018, four have not been protected by the government, namely Bar-winged Prinia (Prinia familiaris), Sunda Laughingthrush (Garrulax palliatus), dan Straw-headed Bulbul (Pycnonotus zeylanicus). The threat status of Rote Leaf-warbler (Phylloscopus rotiensis) is yet to be evaluated,” Hasudungan added.
In addition, from a number of protected bird species, there are three bird species that have not been included in the latest list due to unrecorded distribution area in Indonesia or the taxonomy has not been recognized by BirdLife International. They are the Himalayan Griffon (Gyps himalayensis), White-crested Laughingthrush (Garrulax leucolophus), and Dusky Megapode (Megapodius forstenii).
From the forest to the "gacoan" arena
The Straw-headed Bulbul is popular to most people, inspiring many from songwriters to practitioners of bird-singing competition. The bird is one of the species whose threat status has risen to Critical with a population of only 600 – 1,700 in nature. Its distribution area includes Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Sumatra, Java, and Kalimantan—including Brunei Darussalam, Sabah and Sarawak.
“The poaching of this species in nature, in particular in Indonesia, has made the Sumatera, Java and Kalimantan suffer the loss of its beautiful calls. High demand of Straw-headed Bulbul for pet and bird-singing competition are threat factors of the extinction of this species.
Cucak rawa sebenarnya sempat termasuk ke dalam daftar jenis tumbuhan dan satwa liar yang dilindungi di Indonesia berdasarkan Peraturan Menteri Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan Nomor P.20 tahun 2018, namun kemudian dikeluarkan bersama dua jenis burung lainnya yakni anis-bentet kecil (Colluricincla megarhyncha) dan anis-bentet sangihe (Colluricincla sanghirensis) hanya dua bulan setelah peraturan tersebut diterbitkan.
The Little Shrike-thrush has several subspecies with limited distribution and is endemic to small islands in Papua and West Papua, while Sangihe Whistler is an endemic species that can only be found in the Sahendaruman Mountains on Sangihe Island. The low population of 92-255 individuals has gained Sangihe Whistler a Critical status. Both Little Shrike-thrush and Sangihe Whistler are not contested and have not been bred.
Biodiversity Conservation Specialist
Achmad Ridha Junaid
Research & Communication Officer
|Burung Indonesia adalah organisasi nirlaba dengan nama lengkap Perhimpunan Pelestarian Burung Liar Indonesia yang menjalin kemitraan dengan BirdLife International. Setiap tahun Burung Indonesia mempublikasikan status jenis burung yang ada di Indonesia berdasarkan hasil kajian dan publikasi terkait jenis-jenis burung terkini.|