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The Ups and Downs of Bird Conservation Status

Today, the Earth is faced with serious environmental degradation. Humans are also faced with the problem of birds disappearing from the wild at an unprecedented rate. Changes in bird conservation status also occurred in Indonesia during 2023.

According to BirdLife International, the IUCN has released its 2023 red list of globally threatened species. The conservation status of bird species in Indonesia is part of the discussion. The conservation status of the Lesser Adjutant (Leptoptilos javanicus) has improved. Lesser Adjutant was previously categorized as Vulnerable and has now dropped to Near Threatened.

Unfortunately, this is not the case for the Palm Cockatoo (Probosciger aterrimus). The Palm Cockatoo's status was raised from Least Concern to Near Threatened due to loss of natural habitat. Worsening problems in the habitat affect the loss of trees that become nests for the Palm Cockatoo to breed. BirdLife International stated that the increase in the status of the Palm Cockatoo is thought to have been influenced by the high intensity of hunting.

Critically Endangered, Endangered, and Vulnerable species are categorized as threatened species. (Doc. Burung Indonesia)

Cinnamon-rumped Trogon (Harpactes orrhophaeus) is also losing its habitat. This lowland forest-dwelling bird is experiencing a rapid population decline. The Cinnamon-rumped Trogon was previously listed as Near Threatened, but is now Vulnerable.

The newly-described Wangi-wangi White-eye (Zosterops paruhbesar) has made it onto the worrying list. The bird, which is only found on Wangi-wangi Island, Wakatobi Islands, Southeast Sulawesi, was immediately categorized as Endangered. This is due to the massive poaching activity of the bird. These notes provide a brief overview of the conservation status of 2023 birds in Indonesia.

Today, we are facing a massive environmental crisis and biodiversity extinction. This is a reminder that the world is currently in danger of losing many bird species in a short period of time. However, conservation actions by various parties foster hope that we can save wild birds and their habitats before it's too late.